This past February while traveling to see research plots in Argentina, I had the pleasure of accompanying colleague and scarab expert Federico Ocampo to San Juan Province in west-central Argentina to see some of the endemic scarabs that live in the sand dunes that dot the region. Along the way we made a quick stop at a sandy spot along Ruta Nacional 20 in San Luis Province to see what was out and about. Several interesting insects were seen, but one of the most impressive was this marvelously armoured darkling beetle (family Tenebrionidae) belonging to the genus Entomoderes—also endemic with nine species ranging from southern Bolivia to central Argentina (Flores & Roig-Juñent 1997).
The stout, backwards-directed lateral spines on the pronotum are as evil as any I’ve ever seen, perhaps being the the reason behind the most awesome species epithet I have ever encountered—satanicus! Actually, there was some question about whether it represented this species or another in the genus with an almost equally awesome name—draco! I wasn’t able to access the more recent, paywall-protected revision by Flores & Roig-Juñent (1997); however, a relatively recent prior work (Peña 1990) seems to confirm its identity as the former by the presence of distinct raised costae on each elytron between the lateral keel and sutural margin confirm.
Surely the sharp, stout spines and heavily sclerotized, ridged body provide effective protection from vertebrate predators and perhaps also help to minimize loss of water, since all of the species are found strictly in arid habitats (Peña 1990). I did not collect the specimen, but many such heavily sclerotized darkling beetles can be difficult to nearly impossible to pin by normal means (I have actually used a hammer to help in the case of one species I collected in South Africa. Seriously!), and I’m sure this one would have been no different. For all its armoured protection, however, there still remain chinks—note the tiny, bright red, parasitic mite on the ventor behind the right procoxa in the last photo.
Flores, G. E. & S. Roig-Juñent. 1997. Systematic revision of the Neotropical genus Entomoderes Solier (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Insect Systematics & Evolution 28(2):141–162 [abstract].
Peña, L. E. 1990. El género Entomoderes Solier (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Boletin del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural Textos sobre patrimonio natural de Chile 37:253–259 [ISSUU].
© Ted C. MacRae 2015
9 thoughts on “The best species name ever!”
I’m fond of the name Callytron monalisa
There is a small skipper in the montane areas out west named Polites draco. Never understood why it is named thus. I once wrote an article in American Butterflies on a group of Riodinid butterflies with names like Calephelis perditalis (Lost Metalmark) C. nemesis (Fatal Metalmark), etc.
Very cool! There are SO many good scientific names out there! I definitely think satanic leaf-tailed geckos (Uroplatus phantasticus) are pretty phantastic!
I don’t know why I didn’t expect to hear others thoughts on some of their favorite scientific names. Cool offerings so far. The direct reference to the devil himself tickles my macabre side.
beelzebubus might rival it … were I a taxonomist … 🙂
And I’m way fond of the new Solanum species named for the Matt Damon character in The Martian … S. watneyi
Man, that is one cool looking darkling beetle! If only they were in culture.
Lots of darkling beetles can be cultured, but alas you’d have to go to Argentina to get this one!
Well I know they can be cultured, I just wish people has them in culture here in the USA! I’ve bred numerous species, darkling beetles are a fun group to rear.
Wonderful darkling, and excellent sci name. To-date, my 2 faves are Dracotettix monstrosus, the Gray Dragon Lubber grasshopper, and Callisaurus draconoides, the Zebra-tailed Lizard. But I too may have an affection for “draco”… 🙂