It’s been four months now since I went to the Glass Mountains of northwestern Oklahoma on a hunch to look for Amblycheila cylindriformis (Great Plains giant tiger beetle). The five adults that I brought back from that night are still alive in a terrarium of native soil, but to this point they have refused to lay eggs. Despite feeding them regularly with fat Maduca larvae, there is obviously still something they need that I am not providing. I’ve suspected that perhaps the terrarium that I have them in is too small, and I’ve also noted in the literature that larval burrows are often found clustered near the entrance of mammal burrows. With this in mind, I combined the native soil from three separate terraria into one larger, deeper terrarium, packed the soil lightly, and used a spoon to create an artificial mammal burrow entrance. Not long after placing the adults in their new home they began digging at the back of the burrow, eventually creating two separate tunnels leading in opposite directions (and fortunately against the container walls so that I can see inside the tunnels). I was optimistic at first that finally I had given them what they wanted, but since digging the burrows they’ve just sat in them. Perhaps they “know” that winter is coming and are just looking to hole up for now, so I suppose I’ll go ahead and place the terrarium in the 10°C incubator with the rest of my larval and adult rearing containers and wait until next spring to see what happens.
In the meantime, I thought I would share these recent photographs of one of them. I had been wanting to take photographs of this species in a white box, which I have used with a few other species to generate some rather striking photographs (e.g., Gromphadorina portentosa, Buprestis rufipes, Scolopendron heros, Eleodes suturalis). The photographs in this post might look like they were taken in a white box, however, they were not. I’ve been spending a lot of time lately trying to come up with a diffuser setup that is convenient for field photographs of wild insects in their native habitats. Kurt’s do-it-yourself concave diffuser and Alex’s tracing paper diffuser work great with the Canon MT-24EX Macro Twin Lite Flash and the Canon MP-E 65mm f/2.8 1-5X Macro Lens, but as I mentioned in a previous post they do not work so well with the Canon EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens and its longer working distance… or so I thought! I’ve come up with a modified version of the concave diffuser that seems to be what I am looking for – it is easy to use, adds virtually no weight to the camera, is completely portable for field use, can be used with both the 65mm and 100mm macro lenses, and – best of all – costs virtually nothing. The photographs in this post were taken with the first prototype, and now that the basic design and general dimensions seem to work I’ll try to make a more durable version. It’s simply a larger version of the concave diffuser – I found some very thick polypropylene foam that is sturdy enough to hold its shape but flexible enough to curl back and over the top of the flash heads, where the corners are held in place by Velcro. Essentially it forms a large “soft box” type diffuser in front of both flash heads. I cut the bottom inch off of a a 500-mL polypropylene beaker, then cut that in half and cut out all but a quarter inch of the bottom to form a sturdy but transluscent frame to hold the polypropylene foam against the flash head bracket on the front of the lens. Right now the foam is held in place by tape, but hot glue should do a better job, and the diffuser bracket is attached to the flash head bracket with Velcro. The whole rig comes off in a flash and lays mostly flat in the camera bag.
If this diffuser proves successful, it will eliminate the need for the different flash head extender brackets that I was considering. I really didn’t want to go that route because even the cheapest models are rather costly, and all of them add bulk to the camera and create problems for those who need to switch lenses frequently (such as I do). Of course, the real test is – does it achieve the desired result? I’m quite happy with these initial photographs – the lighting is quite even due to the large “apparent” size of the light source, and the annoying double specular highlights that are the hallmark of the MT-24EX are much less apparent (though still slightly discernible). The closest shots are at 1:1, while those of the entire beetle are between 1:1.5 and 1:2. They are among the largest beetle species that I have photographed, so the range of magnifications used here pretty much covers the entire range that I typically use with this lens. Wildflowers often require smaller mags and longer working distances, so it remains to be seen whether this diffuser/lens combination will be useful for them as well.
All of the photographs in this post were taken with the 100mm macro lens (ISO100, 1/250 sec, F16) and direct MT-24EX macro twin flash using this new diffuser. The beetle was placed on white filter paper and covered with a clear glass bowl until it settled against the side of it. Once the beetle was quiet, I gently lifted the bowl and used micro-forceps to gently tug its legs into more appealing positions – surprisingly this did not cause it to become alarmed and try to flee (as long as I didn’t accidentally brush against one of its antennae!). For the last photograph, I placed the beetle back in its terrarium and used the same techniques to get the beetle in a good position.
Copyright © Ted C. MacRae 2010
37 thoughts on “Amblycheila cylindriformis on white”
What a magnificent beast!
I’m looking forward to seeing pictures of your diffuser. Are you still using ratio control when the flashes are combined?
I’ve switched over from manual to ETTL almost exclusively. F.E.C. in these photos was +1/3 or +2/3 FEC in the white shots and -2/3 in the terrarium shot.
I really like your shots Ted! I’ll have to give this technique a try sometime!
Thank you Art. I’m hoping this is the ticket – field use will be the final test.
The light looks great esp like the first four images! I look forward to seeing your adapted version of concave diffuser too!
Thanks Kurt. Props to you for the basic idea to begin with. Once I get a more durable and optimized version of the diffuser made I’ll put up some photos of it.
These are some really nice isolated photos Ted.
Now you’ve done it… I really NEED to get my stuff together at get back to taking photos again. Must find me some bugs before work today 🙂
Thank you Nick. And I’m glad I could help renew your motivation – we’ll be seeing a blog update when? 🙂
Oh, i don’t know about that. Ive had a slump in motivation towards photography and writing the last many months. But in a good way, as Ive been busy getting settled in Canada, finding a job and a place to live and experiencing the magnificient nature over here. I’ll let you know when I start picking up again, hopefully not to long 🙂
In the meanwhile its good theres lots of high-quality stuff out here to read and look at, thanks!
Canada, huh? Welcome to this side of “the pond”!
You’ll get your mojo back – sometimes you just need a break.
Wow. Just wow. You know one of the cool things about doing a shot like this? In just a few clicks in Photoshop you can isolate that white background and then turn it into any color you want. I’m picturing an Andy Warhol homage using the face on shot… 🙂
Thanks, Ken – but I think you overestimate my Photoshop skills! 🙂
I had no idea such tiger beetles existed – very cool.
Neat critters. I realized only last week that the weird carabids in my backyard were actually Omus sp. I did not immediately think tiger beetle when I first caught them.
Omus in your backyard – how cool is that?! I’ve never seen them, so consider yourself a member of my official envy list!
All in all, it’s been a good backyard: Omus, Pleocoma, Prionus, mountain lion, Centrodera, Acanthocinus….
The Pleocoma are emerging now and that’s how I figured out I also had tiger beetles in the yard. While looking for female Pleocoma burrows, I found a number of smaller holes that reminded me of the many tiger beetle larvae I “fished” for during school recesses back in Arkansas. Then I remembered the strange carabids I’d caught a few years back and sure enough — Omus.
Boy, do I miss California!
Interesting post, Ted, and great photos.
I have always wondered why a nocturnal organism such as this would evolve a reddish elytral coloration? Parasematic coloration? Could it be as simple as animals that are black are easily hidden in the darkness? Occam’s Razor = the simplest answer is often correct. However, consider, the production of black pigment is energy exigent as many pigments must be mixed to produce black. But what about red? Because of the absence of red light in darkness, red animals are also invisible. In addition, red is also a single pigment and much easier to make than black pigment while still having the same cryptic effect.
Just a few thoughts and another 2¢ …
Interesting idea – I hadn’t thought much about it but would have assumed that black would be the “easiest” color to be. If related to energetics, and red is just as invisible as black, why not an entirely red nocturnal beetle?
Exactly. But on the other hand, what evolutional adaptation explains the coloration of taxa such as Chrysina?
Diurnal parasematic coloration?
A. cylindriformis are almost never seen during the day. How’s this for Occam’s Razor – they’re colored that way because they’re mimics of the aposematically-colored Eleodes suturalis? Of course, what advantage does mimicking an aposematically colored species provide if potential predators never actually see the coloration?
I can’t wait to work “diurnal parasematic coloration” into a conversation! 🙂
There was a paper about Chrysina coloration recently – something about polarized sight allowing them to see each other but remaining invisible to predators. Sorry, I can’t recall the reference.
Interesting food for thought ….
A really amazing critter! The photos on white are stunning.
I’m having fun with this right now!
Chrysina and circularly polarized light … enjoy.
Yep – that was the paper. Thanks!
I’ve since decided that I was a little too fluffy in my critique of that paper. I’m not sure I buy it. It’s written by very bright and highly regarded visual scientists, but some obvious experiments seem to be missing and they go about it in a strange, roundabout manner. In addition, they have yet to decipher some sort of mechanism with which the beetles can detect and discriminate circularly polarized light.
For the time being, stomatopods are the only animals that I believe can see circularly polarized light.
Ted, Just absolutely spectacular photographs. Hats off to you …. and your camera.
Thanks Steven. It’s a fun toy.
Whoa, what a big honking tiger beetle! Interesting conversation about coloration and the beetle’s nocturnal habit. I don’t do nature trails at night, so I’m quite happy to get my nighttime beetles sightings here. 😉
Hi Amber – nighttime hikes can be a little nervewracking, esp. in rattlesnake country. Still, I’d hate to think about missing all the beetle-collecting adventures that I’ve experienced from doing it.
Onward, brave Sir Robin! (Monty Python, anyone?)
Beautiful contrast on the pictures. These look like automobile ads, extolling the latest in luxury features.
Thanks, Joy. I never really thought about it that way, but it’s exactly how they like to show their new cars – even the shine!